Surgery


Protecting the Reproductive System

The female body is the origin of human life. The reproductive organs located within the female body allows for procreation. These internal organs include ovaries, fallopian tubes, the cervix, and the uterus. The uterus plays a fundamental role in fetal development; it is where the fetus is carried until birth. The reproductive system is a delicate and sensitive part of the female anatomy. When something goes wrong, it can affect the ability to conceive and carry a baby, and it can have severe effects on the health of a woman.

There are various diseases and conditions that can be harmful if left untreated. Infertility may occur when there is damage to any part of the reproductive system. Cancerous cells are among the most common health issues among women. Cancer can be an aggressive disease that often results in infertility and can even lead to death. Cancer is caused by a buildup cells that the body does not need. Eventually these cells turn into a collection of tissue. This mass of tissue is called a tumor or growth.

Uterus growths are not always cancerous and can be effectively removed; however, malignant tumors can become deadly and may grow back when removed. Uterine cancer can spread and cause significant damage to surrounding tissues and organs. A blood test or physical exam may be ordered by a doctor if cancer is suspected. In addition, a pelvic exam, biopsy, or an ultrasound may be conducted to search for cancerous cells. The most common treatment for uterine cancer is a hysterectomy.

A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix. It may also involve removing other reproductive organs such as the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This procedure is normally done under certain circumstances such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, fibroids, and issues within the uterus that causes severe chronic pain. The recovery time for this type of surgery is usually between four to six weeks.

Getting a pap smear regularly can help detect any abnormal cells that have the potential of developing into cancer. Even women who have had a complete hysterectomy should receive regular pelvic exams. Partial hysterectomies do not involve removing the cervix so it is essential to receive pap smears on a regular basis. Pap tests ensure that there are no growths or any abnormal activity within the rest of the reproductive organs.