Hormone Therapy

The Importance of Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy provides doctors with a way to help manage the many systems of the human body by regulating the body's hormone levels. One of these systems, the endocrine system, affects most parts of the body in some way. With effects on both physical and mental health, a properly functioning endocrine system is crucial for maintaining one's health. Some medical problems, however, can affect this system, and patients may need to undergo hormone therapies to deal with the symptoms effectively.

For women, the hormones estrogen and progesterone are crucial for a number of health issues. Mental health is profoundly effected by these hormones, and women may suffer from low energy levels if the concentration of these hormones is outside the normal ranges. Estrogen is considered the primary female hormone, and patients may need to take estrogen pills, patches, or shots to maintain a healthy level. Progesterone is often called the pregnancy hormone, but it plays an important role in physical development and mental well-being. Progesterone pills, patches, or shots may be necessary either as daily maintenance therapy or to replace the spikes that occur during certain phases of a menstrual cycle.

Some types of cancer are affected by hormones, so women who face uterine cancer, for example, may need to take medication to reduce their levels of these hormones. One of the biggest risks posed by having inappropriate hormone levels is the gradual loss of bone density. Osteoporosis and lower levels of bone loss can lead to fractures and limited mobility. In addition, the reproductive systems in younger women may not function appropriately for women trying to control whether they want to become pregnant or not. Doctors are currently debating the merits of hormone replacement therapy for post-menopausal women.

Men, on the other hand, primarily deal with testosterone issues. Testosterone has been shown to play a crucial role in male health, and the side effects of improper testosterone levels can be significant. Testosterone is crucial for building and maintaining muscle mass, but its more profound effects are on mental health. Men who produce low levels of testosterone on none at all often suffer from malaise and depression. Studies have shown testosterone to be an effective treatment for some men who suffer from mood disorders. Testosterone can be administered through a patch, but it is normally given through a shot. Because of its abuse by those looking to add muscle mass, testosterone is a controlled substance, and men can expect the hormone to be tightly regulated.