Stage O


Treatment of Stage 0 Uterine Cancer

If you've recently been diagnosed with Stage 0 uterine cancer, you may be confused as to what's happening to your body, what you can expect in terms of treatment and recovery, and how long it will take your body to overcome the disease. Uterine cancer is one of the most challenging cancers to treat, because so much depends upon the placement of the cancerous cells, the degree to which the cancer has grown, and whether metastasis (spreading of cancerous cells to other parts of the body has occurred).

In order to simplify the process of diagnosing and treating the disease, medical professionals refer to the type of cancer according to stages 0 through 4, and often apply a sub-group such as A, B, and C to clarify the severity and the positioning of the cancer. Stage 0 is the earliest stage of any cancer, and while it may be frightening to hear this sort of diagnosis from your doctor, it's important to remember that for oncologists, Stage 0 is considered the most treatable and has a remarkably high recovery and survival rate.

While some stages of cancer are defined by percentages and how long a patient is likely to live post-diagnosis, statistics on Stage 0 patients are often determined by remission. Many doctors do not consider a patient to be cured of cancer, but remission is defined by five consecutive years without evidence of cancer in the body. This is as close to 'cured' as a patient can get, and many cancers detected in Stage 0 are able to be eliminated.

An abnormal cell growth in the uterine wall or on the surface of the uterus is the definitive trait for diagnosing a Stage 0 cancer. In addition, the malignancy must not have spread to the uterus, cervix, or affected the lymphatic system. Because judging the stage and type of endometrial cancers is of the utmost importance, most doctors with gave a Stage 0 diagnoses will send the patient to a specialist to make sure the cancer is not, in fact, a Stage 1 issue.

If the carcinoma in situ is truly a Stage 0 issue, it is called an endometrial hyperplasia, and is typically treated immediately with progestin therapy. If the patient has passed her child-bearing years, or is certain that she wishes to have no more children, a preventative hysterectomy may be performed. No matter what the situation, all Stage 0 endometrial cancers should be examined by a gynecological oncologist to verify the existence of cancer, as well as a pathologist to determine the grade of cancer.